Moral panics, a term used to describe a state of panic in a society due to the occurrence of a certain event, fearing that the values uphold in the society are being threatened and may be in jeopardy, was first coined by Stanley Cohen in his writings in the year of entitled Folk Devils and Moral Panics. Moral Panics SOCIOLOGY Essay and Moral Panics Moral panics was introduced by sociologist Stanley Cohen studying the youth culture in the 60s. Cohen looked at the media reaction to the fights between the mods and rockers at various seaside resorts in Britain in the mids. Criminal Justice Essay; Sociology Essay; Sociology Essay Topics; Sociology Research Paper; Free essays are not written to satisfy your specific instructions. You can use our professional writing services to order a custom essay, research paper, or term paper on any topic and get your high quality paper at affordable price. UniversalEssays is the best choice for those who seek help in essay writing or research paper writing . Moral panic sociology essay paper. Moral panic sociology essay paper. 4 stars based on reviews helpmyessay.pw Essay. Best action film names in essays gandhi research paper iese mba essays ford essays about peer pressure college essay on educational goals the woman in black essay. Difference between essay writing and speech. Moral panic sociology essay. Why we should study english essay writing write an essay win a theater groningen shooting an elephant essay theme my favorite cartoon character essay for nhs lofaso research paper discursive essay writing ppt research paper on wd med confederates in the attic analysis essay dissertation online uk pharmacy the.
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Cohen first looked at moral panics and stated that there are certain periods where society experiences moral panics and these could last for a lifetime or could be short-lived and forgotten. Cohen was one of the first to look at the term moral panic around Mods and Rockers in Britain and focused on the media coverage on these groups in the s. Cohen found that the media exaggerated statistics including the number of youths involved, the extent of the violence and the damage caused.
Further distortion of events increased due to the sensational headlines and use of dramatic reporting. Cohen continued on to describe the findings as having three common characteristics: Diffusion is where situations in other places become associated with the original situation.
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Goode and Ben-Yehuda also identified five key features that could describe moral panics: When it comes to street violence, youths are widely associated with this type of deviant behaviour. It is particularly in the UK that hoodies have been reacted to in such a negative way, so much so that the item of clothing has been banned in public places such as the Bluewater Shopping Centre in Kent.
This suggests that the concern over street violence involving youth can be seen as a moral panic because banning an item of clothing just because it is associated with such deviance due to the media representation of youths and what they happen to be wearing has been exaggerated which has meant that extreme measures would have to be taken to keep the public happy and enforce social control. The moral panic about hoodies according to Marsh and Meville was part of a wider concern about the anti-social behaviour of youths and, as with other panics, the reaction to this has been criticized by those within education and those working in the criminal justice system as exaggerated and unreasonable.
However, statistically, youth offending is actually falling.
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Despite the dramatic drop in recorded crime overall, concerns about the behaviour of young people remains high, suggesting that society does not consider factual statistics when worrying about crime rates. Concerns over youth crime and street violence have been consistent throughout the years as shown by Cohen for his work on Mods and Rockers.
The behaviour of young people since then has caused anger about moral decline and lack of social control. Crimes statistics show black youths, particularly young black males, commit a disproportionate amount of crime, however the media is known to sensationalise news stories and make vast exaggerations. The s moral panic surrounding muggings was blamed predominantly on young black men.
For example, Arthur Hills was stabbed to death near Waterloo Station in London and this was one of the first crimes to be labelled as a mugging in the media.
The stories in newspapers highly reported this type of crime as new and frightening. Professionals in the area such as police and judges were adamant that this was a huge threat to society. This even led to people thinking that the streets of Britain will become like those of New York or Chicago which had very high rates of street violence at the time Hall, This type of crime was growing more slowly as the time the panic took place then it had done so in previous decades.
Moral panic sociology essay paper
This has been a recurring story in newspaper headlines and magazines in recent years. Whilst there may be some support for these claims, the stories are likely to be a distortion of the facts; this is shown by statistics on offending patterns. A recent self-report survey found that assaults committed by females are more likely to involve a victim they know already and the victim is more predominately male rather than female Budd et al.
It may be that assault carried out by a female is more likely to be as a result of anger or an act of self-defence, or against a police officer when confronted perhaps during a drunken night out, or parents, family members, or members of the public are more likely to bring violent acts committed by females to the attention of the police.
Outside the UK, there are other examples of moral panic and amplification by the media, for example slashing cases in Singapore. This involves Singaporean youth gang members who have recently have been reported in the media sparking fear among those living in Singapore Palatino, The high documentation of these criminal acts is slightly exaggerated further by the mass media.
This further fuelled the anxiety felt by parents who were said to be already paranoid of their children making their own way to school.
Moreover, there appeared to be very easy access to graphic and explicit pictures of the victim that were allowed to be released across both printed and online news outlets which sparked even more of a widespread panic of youth gang members being more brave to commit the crime again anytime during the day. The series of attacks triggered the search for explanations on the idea of the rising of gang violence.
Society aimed to explain the nature of fights taking place and whether they were random or due to revenge and the focus was also on the structure of gangs. Following the Downtown East incident, many reports talked about youth gangs- how an action as small as staring can lead to violent fights, reports also talked about why youths joined these gangs.
News reports of the extreme cases reminded readers about the significant attack at Downtown East that created further concerns over gang-related violence in Singapore. News reports of being arrest were frequent to remind the society of the strict laws and the consequences of such violent acts. Although there were no specific details mentioned, the report came with comments by Minister of Home Affairs, K.
Shanmugam, to assure the public tough acts were taken to tackle youth gangs. Comments by public figures like Minister of MCYS also bring public attention to at-risk youths on the importance of increase community initiatives to prevent them from gang associations.
Black youth crime and the image of black youths in the media have generated considerable publicity in recent years. The recent fatal knife and gun crimes in London involving black youths were highlighted by the media which in turn produced a moral panic surrounding the issue.
In recent years there has been quite a lot of media coverage involving black youths and crime. Particularly in and there was a spate of fatal stabbings and shootings amongst black youth.
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These two murders were of huge interest to the media as it was during a period where black youth crime in London was highlighted.
Kodjo Yenga was stabbed in the heart just five days after being interviewed on television about knife crime and its prevalence. Just days after this murder, Adam Regis was stabbed to death on the streets of East London on his way home after meeting with friends. These are only two examples of black youth crime that made its way into the media in There had in fact been over twenty murders involving black youths in London alone in Okoronkwo, It would be useful to gain an understanding of why black youth crime is such a huge issue and why it is highlighted so much in the media.
News agendas and news values ultimately decide what is to be broadcasted and in what particular order. There are twelve news structures and news values that shape crime news Jewkes, Under the news value threshold it is stated that in order for something to be deemed newsworthy it has to meet a certain level of significance. The media create moral panics according to their criteria of news values Okorokwo, The media has been accused of sensationalising events surrounding violent black youth crime, attaching a level of drama making it newsworthy.
Eighty six percent of white homicide victims are killed by other whites, and most homicide victims know each other. In conclusion, it seems that concern over street violence can be seen as a moral panic because overall crime statistics show that crime is actually decreasing rather than decreasing.
A good example to support this claim was the Lee Rigby murder. One lone horrible act of violence had the public up in a panic over fears they would be hacked in the street or murdered in a similar way even though the perpetrators were caught.
This goes to show how much power the media really has in terms of social control. Essay UK - http: Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Sociology essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.
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