The Rebellions of / in both Upper Canada and Lower Canada were attempts and attacks at their current government for various reasons. The rebellions in Upper Canada were to bring about an American style democracy, while the rebellions in Lower Canada were largely due to discrimination against the French, unequal taxation, and lack of power within the government to bring about any . The Rebellions of / in both Upper Canada and Lower Canada were attempts and attacks at their current government for various reasons. The rebellions in Upper Canada were to bring about an American style democracy, while the rebellions in Lower Canada were largely due to discrimination against the French, unequal taxation, and lack of 5/5(1). Dannicah S. Blk 2. 3 Rebellion of After learning about the rebellion of and constantly taking notes, I realized the rebellion was not successful in overturning the government but it did unite both Upper and Lower Canada together. Essay about the rebellion upper. 5 stars based on reviews helpmyessay.pw Essay. H schreibweise beispiel essay an essay on steroids essay day after tomorrow actorsA visit to a historical place essay quotes paul mccartney songwriting analysis essay essay on. Essay title: Rebellion The Rebellion of was a battle between the habitants of Upper and Lower Canada and the Canadian government. More importantly it was a battle for righteousness between the French and the English.
- Cause and Effect: The Canadian Rebellions of 1837 and 1838 Essay Sample
- The Rebellions Of Upper And Lower Canada Essay
- The Rebellions Of Upper And Lower Canada
Papineau had thought it was important that the people of Lower Canada should have a more suitable government, rather than the small oligarchy. His attempt for reform through rebellion was unsuccessful however; it sparked the idea of rebellion of W.
Mackenzie in Upper Canada. The Upper Canada Rebellion also ended quite unsuccessful. After the rebellions, Both Papineau and McKenzie fled to the United States, leaving their follower rebels to face their punishments.
The lower Canadian rebels would have their crops and fields burned. His temperament and conviction led him to the point where he not only advocated armed rebellion against the colonial government but led it. In May of he decide that he could run a newspaper and started the Colonial Advocate, in Queenstown, which was a newspaper which served as an opposition position to the group known as the family compact who were firmly in power in Upper Canada.
Cause and Effect: The Canadian Rebellions of 1837 and 1838 Essay Sample
He quickly became a folk hero among the common man in Upper Canada who generally felt that he was right about the family compact and that something should be done. Not satisfied with just writing about the government, he ran for office in and was elected to the House of assembly for York County.
He left this meeting feeling that his criticisms of the Upper Canadian political elite were justified and that a republican government was perhaps the only real answer to achieving political and social reform at home. In he travelled to London to make a persona appeal to the British Government concerning the grievous state of affairs in Upper Canada and was received with courtesy and a genuine sympathy.
His aggressive and direct attacks upon the Family Compact brought an immediate response with threats of legal action, libel suits and an attack upon his newspaper office where his printing presses were broken and thrown into Lake Ontario. He was continually re-elected to the legislative assembly and in when Toronto elected its first mayor, Mackenzie was their choice. The compact mounted a strong campaign against him in the legislative election and he was defeated.
By December of his high opinion of the American Republic was leading him to believe that the American Revolution might be the only practical example of how change might be effected in Upper Canada.
On December 6, Mackenzie had gathered a group of reformers who were worked into frenzy and decided to march on Toronto. They came streaming down Young Street looking to destroy compact property and business as an act of defiance and potentially trigger a large scale rebellion.
When they came up against the local guards they first group of reforms fired their weapons and because they were in a position that did not allow movement to the sides, lay down so the rebels behind them could fire next. The men in the back thought that the men in the front were all being shot and killed and panicked and started to run. On December 7th the government forces had recovered and were organized enough to mount an expedition to the Tavern where they easily routed Mackenzie and his men.
Mackenzie was forced to flee to the U. Mackenzie spent 10 years in exile in the United States, one of which was in prison, and only returned to Canada in when he was granted a pardon. He quickly resumed his political career as MLA for Haldimand but by this time reform had been initiated and government had become responsible and much more representative. He finally retired in and resigned his seat in after seeing many of the goals he had worked for either achieved or within reach of being achieved.
By the s the frustrations that had been building up in Lower Canada the former New France, the former Canada, and the future Quebec since the defeat of had reached a boiling point.
These reformists were opposed by the pro-British forces, the English colonial authorities and their strong-arm men of the Doric Club. The Patriots, led by Louis-Joseph Papineau, opposed the British colonialists and had been calling for an American-style democracy.
The elections of that year were a triumph for the Patriots, and the English party began a campaign of threats to keep the French population in place. It took three years for the British government to respond to the 92 resolutions, and when they did — with the so-called 10 resolutions — it was a stinging rejection of the Canadian demands. Demonstrations were held throughout the province, culminating in October in the Assembly of the Six Counties in Saint-Charles-sur-Richelieu, north of Montreal.
Papineau did not call for open revolt, though others, like the Anglo-Canadian Dr. Though the number killed on each side was equal, the strength and tenacity of the Patriot forces shook the British, and they retreated from the battlefield.
The Rebellions Of Upper And Lower Canada Essay
The leader of the Patriots, Papineau, was not in the town. The second battle, at Saint-Charles-sur-Richelieu, resulted in a crushing defeat for the Patriots. This time the British were ready for a tough fight, and the Royal Scots attacked the Patriot positions in force, killing and losing only three.
Though at this point many of the principal Patriot leaders fled Canada for exile in the US, the resistance to the British was not yet over. The arrival of enemy troops drove many of the Patriots to flee, but others decided to fight it out to the end. Barricaded in the town church they were bombarded for hours, a cannonade in which the local priest participated.
All hope lost, the Patriots attempted to escape, but were gunned down. Again the casualties tell the tale: Enraged by the persistence of the rebellion the British troops went on a rampage, burning and pillaging rebellious villages. Papineau, from his American exile, remained optimistic: This time they clearly called for a republic, and issued a Declaration of Independence, written by Dr. Poorly organized, the troops gathered on the night of November 3 to await the orders of their leaders.
Hearing nothing, the troops dispersed. Seeing that defeat was inevitable, Nelson fled the scene for the US and, with this; the Patriots Rebellion came to an end. This time the repression was even fiercer: Many were jailed, others sent to the penal colony in Australia, and seventeen were hung for their role in the uprising. By , the rebellions were over but Upper and Lower Canada were plunged into a period of despair and bitterness.
More than two hundred Patriots and Upper Canadian rebels had died on the battlefield while others had been hanged or sent into exile. The forces of reform were decisively defeated and the economy took a turn for the worse. Poor harvests reduced numerous many farmers to poverty.
The Rebellions Of Upper And Lower Canada
Upon his return to London in , John George Lambton, the Earl of Durham tabled his report, which outlined the conclusions he had drawn during his stay in the British colonies of North America.
In his opinion, it was necessary to give the elected assembly more power. He proposed that the Governor choose his advisers — in effect, his cabinet — from among men who enjoyed the confidence of the Assembly. Durham realized there was another, more serious problem, in the case of Lower Canada.
To solve the problem, Durham proposed to unite Upper and Lower Canada, as the English party had previously suggested. The British ministers worried that colonial autonomy would lead to the disintegration of the British Empire. Howe was deeply disappointed when the government refused to reform the colonial parliamentary system. This effect was temporary as moderates soon rose to prominence.
The Durham Report was greeted with enthusiasm by reformers, although its recommendations for responsible government were not put into effect until Choose Type of service.